Foot Arthritis

Foot Arthritis

Foot Arthritis is THE leading cause of disability in the USA. There are 4 major types that can affect your foot and ankle; Learn what to do TODAY!

 

Foot Arthritis
Osteoarthritis Of The Big Toe Joint

 

Skip To Treatment :

  • Diagnosis Of Foot & Ankle Arthritis.
  • Conservative Treatment Of Foot & Ankle Arthritis.
  • Surgical Treatment Of Foot & Ankle Arthritis.

 

What Is Foot Arthritis:

Arthritis simply means inflammation of the joint. This means that something is causing irritation and perhaps improper motion in the joint. The most common types of arthritis are a loss of fluid between the joints, non-smooth surfaces, inflammation due to irritation of any sort. This can cause aching pain.

Different arthritides present in different ways. Some hurt more with more joint motion, others get better with more motion & some just hurt all the time!

Three Major Types Of Foot Arthritis:

1)Osteoarthritis.

  • Big Toe Joint.
  • Top Of The Foot.
  • Midfoot.
  • Ankle.

Foot Arthritis

This is probably the most well known type of arthritis. It is the “wear and tear” arthritis that is present in many older people that say they can “feel their bones rubbing or grinding up against each other”. This occurs as you get older into your 40s and 50s.

Causes: This type of arthritis is caused when the smooth areas (hyaline cartilage) between joints grind down and become just bone. Once the hyaline cartilage is gone, the joint space decreases in size. The bone under the cartilage becomes worn and begins to crack.

Symptoms: This causes inflammation, swelling and pain in the osteoarthritic joint.

Diagnosis: This type of arthritis usually occurs in the big toe joint in the foot. It feels good during rest, but hurts more during movement.

 

 

2)Rheumatoid Arthritis.

  • All Of The Forefoot.
  • Usually Both Feet.
  • Usually In Hands As Well.
  • Joint During Rest, Relieved By Activity.

Foot Arthritis

Unlike osteoarthritis, most people have heard about rheumatoid arthritis, but don’t really know what it is.  That is because the cause is not really known, basically it is an auto-immune disease that we don’t have a cure for. The white blood cells attack the hyaline cartilage found in the joints.

Causes: Rheumatoid arthritis is causes by a combination of genetics and environment (we think so far…). It is associated with certain cell markers & the immune system begins to attack them over time. This may also be triggered by infections or environment, because not everyone with these markers suffers.

Symptoms: Swelling and inflammation in the hands and feet. It is a mostly symmetrical arthritis, whereas the other types usually effect just one or two joints.

Diagnosis: Rheumatoid arthritis is worse at rest! It gets better after you move around for 15-30 minutes and get the blood flowing. It also effects the joints symmetrically.

 

3)Post-Traumatic Arthritis.

  • Anywhere with a broken bone.
  • Anywhere with a joint injury.
  • Big Toe Joint.
  • Top Of The Foot.
  • Midfoot.
  • Ankle.
Foot Arthritis
Photo Credit: www.eorthopod.com

This type of arthritis is very similar to osteoarthritis. The difference is that it can occur at any edge, especially after an injury or broken bone.

Causes:  A broken big toe or a broken ankle are the most common causes in the foot. It can occur elsewhere if those bones were damaged as well.

Symptoms: This causes inflammation, swelling and pain in the injured joint.

Diagnosis:  It feels good during rest, but hurts more during movement. If there was a previous injury in that area, it is most likely post-traumatic arthritis.

 

4)Gout.

  • Almost Always Big Toe Joint.

Foot Arthritis

This is actually the most common type of arthritis in the USA, but it is not always viewed as an arthritis, because that is not mainly what people are concerned about with this disease!

Causes:  High protein, dehydration & elevated uric acid. Increased odds in damaged joints such as those with osteoarthritis.

Symptoms: Extreme pain, swelling and inflammation for 1-2 days.

Diagnosis:  Gout will appear as 1 day of huge throbbing redness and pain one morning out of nowhere. It is usually after a night of eating protein (turkey/bbq) & dehydration (alcohol). It will really hurt for 1-2 days. It is most common in the big toe joint(majority).

 

Less Common Causes of Foot Arthritis:

1) Psoriatic Arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis occurs as a result of having psoriasis. This is very similar to rheumatoid arthritis & occurs in 10-30% of people who have psoriasis.

Causes:  It is associated with certain cell markers & the immune system begins to attack them over time. This may also be triggered by infections or environment, because not everyone with these markers suffers.

Symptoms: Swelling and inflammation in the hands and feet. It usually effects the forefoot and can cause sausage digits (dactylitis)

Diagnosis: Rheumatoid arthritis is worse at rest! It gets better after you move around for 15-30 minutes and get the blood flowing. It also effects the joints symmetrically.

 

 

Good Luck With Your Foot Arthritis!