A swollen painful toe can be caused by a number of reasons. We outline and link to more detail of some of the more common ones.
What Causes a Swollen Painful Toe?
There are many possible reasons for a swollen toe. It could be due to a traumatic injury, overuse injury or even an underlying medical condition.
The toes consist of three bones called the phalanges, with the exception of the big toe (or hallux) which contains only 2. These bones are held together by ligaments. Tendons also pass through the toes and connect to these bones to allow movement when the muscles within the foot and lower leg contract. You will also find nerves and blood vessels in the toes.
If you have dropped something on your toe or been involved in a traumatic incident such as a tackle or a car accident, then a swollen toe could indicate:
Certain medical conditions may result in swelling in the feet and toes:
Treatment of a Swollen Painful Toe
Treatment will depend on the cause of the swelling. Visit your Doctor or a sports injury specialist for an assessment. If you suspect it may be any of the medical conditions listed, visit your Doctor as soon as possible.
If the swelling is as a result of a traumatic injury, swelling can be reduced by resting, applying cold therapy and elevating the foot.
For More on a Swollen Painful Toe due to a possible break: